Eating in Peace

Q: We adopted two girls (ages 8 and 10 at the time) almost 5 years ago from an African country. They were incredibly picky eaters and refused to try new foods. I have been customizing our meals to accommodate them but lately have gotten fed up with their rude, entitled attitude towards my meals. They are also negatively influencing two younger children, who we recently adopted from the same country, but who are willing to eat everything.

I have uninvited them from dinner, which means they have to make their own meals and eat them on their own. Our relationship is already strained and not eating dinner together is distancing us even further. I don’t think that I can train them to eat new foods at this point in their lives as teenagers. Any suggestions?

A: Oh, dear. This has become a mealtime battle, hasn’t it? And it’s impacting your relationship with your precious girls. Adopted or not, this kind of daily friction can so easily erode the parent-child bond, but all is not lost! There is hope for a stronger bond between you and your daughters and to have mealtimes stop being full of anxiety—all without your cooking special meals!

But it will take work on your part, but I think you’re up for the challenge because on the other side is family meals and a closer bond with your older girls. You’re the adult, so you’re going to have to take the bigger steps toward reconciliation. This doesn’t mean you cater to them, but it does mean that you will smooth the way back into the family fold. Here’s how.

First, welcome them back to the table. The first couple of meals, make things you know they like. Not to cater to them, but to help sooth ruffled feelings.

Second, let each child (even the younger ones) pick one vegetable that they will never have to eat. That’s right—even if it’s served, they can say, “No, thank you” with your blessing. Post the list on the fridge (this is essential to avoid any confusion). My mom did this when I was a kid, and I’ve passed it along to my four kids. For example, my youngest choose potatoes as his veggie to avoid, so whenever we have potatoes, he doesn’t have to eat them. He can eat them (and he does eat French fries!), but he’s not required to eat them. To make this work, the child has to pick one specific vegetable: Not “squash,” but “spaghetti squash.” But the child has to eat everything else that’s served. If the child refuses, the “no, thank you” veggie is back on his or her plate. Then each year, either on a designated day (we do New Year’s Day) or child’s birthday, you allow the child to change or keep the “no, thank you” veggie. Simple, yes?

Third, remind them of the protocol for meals—manners for meals training. Items to be taught (over the course of several meals or weeks) include how to set a table, how to react when something’s served they don’t like (no “yucks,” for example), appropriate topics of conversation, etc. Work on this as a family. We often discuss our days or have a “question of the day” roundtable discussion. Eating together is more than about the food!

Fourth, follow the “one bite” rule. Each child or teen gets one, small teaspoon (literally, a very tiny bite) of everything on the table. Once their plate is clear, they may have seconds of anything on the table. In other words, no going to the snack drawer after eating the first bites!

Fifth, start involving the girls in meal prep. Buy a kids’ cookbook (Rachel Ray has a great one!), and then let each one pick a meal to make each week. Then that girl helps you cook that meal. Food always tastes better when you helped prepare it.

Sixth, consider starting a vegetable garden this summer. Again, let the girls each pick one veggie to plant, tend and pick. The closer your girls get to their food, the more likely they are to eat it! Or sign up for a community supported agriculture share with a local farm and get fresh produce delivered or picked up weekly during the growing season.

I hope this list spurs you to think of other ways you can connect your girls to food and, without their knowing it, expand their palate!

Handling a Picky Eater

Q: My 4-year-old son is an extremely picky eater who screams whenever he sees a new food or non-preferred food on his plate. As an infant, he suffered from reflux, and I read some research that indicated GI problems can lead to feeding issues later. We’ve talked with a feeding specialist and an occupational therapist but nothing is working. He will now tolerate the unwanted foods on his plate but he won’t touch the foods or eat them, not even a bite. We dread mealtimes because it has become a stressful battle! What can we do?

A: It’s hard when a child screams at dinner time, especially since that’s the time of day when we want to be together as a family and we’re often tired and cranky ourselves after a long day at home or the office. So I understand your frustration.

However, you’ve had a hand in creating this non-eating monster by tying his previous GI problems with his current pickiness of the plate. That has meant lots of consultations and “methods” to help him “get over” his feeding issues and has resulted in a lot of angst on your part and entrenchment on his. Now you’re at an impasse, and things are no better than when you started.

Image courtesy of Stuart Miles/FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Image courtesy of Stuart Miles/FreeDigitalPhotos.net

To reboot things, here’s what I recommend. Take a break from “making” him eat things for a few weeks to allow everyone to calm down. Don’t cook special meals, but allow him to “not” eat something he doesn’t want to. For breakfast and lunch, he can have more autonomy with food choices within reason (picking one cereal from the two offered, for example), but at dinner time, implement the one-bite method: serve him literally a teaspoon of each dish on the table. Once your son has consumed the food on his plate (two or three bites), he may have seconds of anything on the table. Make sure you serve at least one food he does like at each evening meal for the first few months, as an added incentive to get him to eat the other food. To help progress things along, hold off on late afternoon snacks so he’s good and hungry at dinnertime. But don’t ask him to eat, don’t cajole him to eat—simply ignore his eating or not eating altogether.

 

Understand that this problem didn’t crop up overnight, and it will take several weeks, if not longer, for him to actually eat the foods he doesn’t like. For the screaming, I would excuse him from the table and send him to his room until he can control himself. Not as a punishment or for a specific time limit but “until you can get control of yourself.” He’s old enough to be taught that just because he doesn’t like something, doesn’t mean he gets to scream.

Finally, realize that if he doesn’t eat his supper, he will not starve. For more tips on helping kids learn to like different foods, read my blog “Educating a Child’s Palate.”

Healthy Eating

I’m often asked by parents how to get kids to eat their vegetables, especially those beyond the stray carrot or french fry (hey, a potato IS a veggie). Our kids will generally eat their veggies–and often ask for more–but that’s because we’ve made the “one-bite” rule a firm policy and we try to serve a wide variety of vegetables in many different ways. One of the easiest and most enjoyable ways is to get your kids involved in the gathering process. You can take your child to the grocery store and let him pick out the broccoli for Tuesday’s dinner, but it’s a lot more fun to visit a local pick-your-own farm and see the broccoli in its natural habitat–and pick some fresh for dinner or a snack. The ability to interact with nature, to see how veggies look when growing, to pick fruit or veggies at the height of ripeness–those are the things that turn kids from veggie haters to veggie eaters (and possibly veggie lovers!).

For more on why picking your own is important to a child’s eating habits, read my recent blog in the Washington Post’s On Parenting, “Does picking their own produce make kids more likely to eat it?” The answer in my experience is a resounding Yes!

Until next time,
Sarah